According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately one out of five adults American adults have been diagnosed with arthritis. By 2030, this percentage is expected to jump to two out of three adults as our nation’s population ages.
The word arthritis has a very literal definition. It combines the Greek word for joint (arthron) with the Latin word for inflammation (itis). General symptoms of arthritis, or joint inflammation, include redness, swelling, pain, heat and stiffness.
Arthritis isn’t just one disease. More than 100 medical conditions are classified as arthritis.
The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis. This is the “wear and tear” arthritis developed by most people over 50 as cartilage breaks down.
Osteoarthritis is usually found in the hands, knees, hips or spine, although it can occur in any joint. Common causes of osteoarthritis include obesity, injury, an inflammatory diet, genetics and repetitive use of a joint over a long period of time, often from a physically strenuous job.